Installation Deployment

1. Installation overview

This article introduces the installation process and precautions of Ivorysql on Linux platform. This article mainly demonstrates the yum source installation steps, rpm package installation steps, and source code installation steps of the database under the Centos 7 environment.

1.1. Software and hardware requirements

1.1.1. Introduction to software resources

operating system

Yum source download address

CentOS 7、CentOS 8

1.1.2. Hardware resource preparation

Configuration parameters

Minimum configuration

Recommended configuration


4 cores

16 cores





800MB,mechanical hard disk

Above 5GB,SSD or NvMe


gigabit lan

10 Gigabit network

1.2. Environment and configuration check

Before deploying the IvorySQL database, you need to check the system environment and configuration

1.2.1. View resources

The IvorySQL database supports CentOS 7. X, 8. X operating systems. For details, refer to [_software_and_hardware_requirements].

1.2.2. View the operating system

Run the following command to view the operating system information:

cat /etc/redhat-release

1.2.3. View kernel parameters

uname -r

1.2.4. View memory and clear cache

free -g

echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches

1.3. Get installation package

You can install the IvorySql database or RPM package through the source code.

1.3.1. Use source code to build IvorySQL database

1.Get the source code: Run the following command to clone the source code of the IvorySQL database to your build machine:

git clone

Note: To clone code, you need to install and configure Git first. For details, refer to Git doc.

2.Install dependent packages: To compile IvorySQL from source code, you must ensure that prerequisite packages are available on the system. Execute the following command to install related packages:

sudo yum install -y bison-devel readline-devel zlib-devel openssl-devel wget
sudo yum groupinstall -y 'Development Tools'

Note: "Development Tools" includes gcc, make, flex, bison.

3.Self-compilation and installation: The source code obtained previously is in the folder IvorySQL. Next, we will enter this folder for operation.

Configuration: Root users execute the following commands to configure:

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/ivorysql/ivorysql-1.2

Note: Because — prefix is not provided, it is installed in/usr/local/pgsql by default, so you need to specify the path

Note: We should remember the specified directory, because the system cannot find out where the compiled and installed programs are. More configure parameters can be viewed through "./configure — help". You can also view the PostgreSQL manual

Compile and install: After the configuration is completed, execute make to compile:


Perform a regression test before installing the newly compiled service (the following commands can be used):

make check
make check-world


make install

1.3.2. Install the IvorySql database using the RPM package

  1. Run the following command to download the IvorySQL installation package.





Note: The installation package in the example may not be the latest version. It is recommended that you download the latest installation package.

2.Run the following command to install IvorySQL.

yum install -y libicu libxslt python3                   --Install dependencies first
rpm -ivh ivorysql1-libs-1.2-1.rhel7.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh ivorysql1-1.2-1.rhel7.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh ivorysql1-contrib-1.2-1.rhel7.x86_64.rpm --nodeps
rpm -ivh ivorysql1-server-1.2-1.rhel7.x86_64.rpm

1.4. 1.1.4 Initialize database service

1.4.1. Initialize database

1.Create an operating system user: under the user root session, create a new user ivorysql:

/usr/sbin/groupadd ivorysql
/usr/sbin/useradd -g ivorysql ivorysql -c "IvorySQL1.2 Server"
passwd ivorysql

2.Create a data directory and modify permissions: Execute the following command in the root session:

mkdir -p /ivorysql/1.2/data
chown -R ivorysql.ivorysql /ivorysql/1.2/

Note: The data directory is not placed in "/var/lib/ivorysql/ivorysql-1/data" according to RPM installation.

3.Environment variable: switch to user ivorysql, modify the file "/home/ivorysql/. bash_profile", and configure the environment variable:

umask 022
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/pgsql/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export PATH=/usr/local/pgsql/bin:$PATH
export PGDATA=/ivorysql/1.2/data

Make the environment variable effective in the current ivorysql user session:

source .bash_profile

You can also log in again or open a new user ivorysql session.

4.Set the firewall: If the firewall is enabled, port 5333 needs to be opened:

firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=5333/tcp --permanent
firewall-cmd --reload

Note: The default port is 5333. If the port is not opened, the external client will fail to connect via IP.

5.Initialization: Under user ivorysql, simply execute initdb to complete initialization:


Note: The initdb operation is the same as PostgreSQL. It can be initialized according to the habits of PG.

6.Start database: use pg_ Ctl starts the database service:

pg_ctl start

View the status and start successfully:

pg_ctl status

1.5. Configure service

1.Client authentication: modify/ivorysql/1.2/data/pg_ Hba.conf, add the following:

host    all             all                  trust

Note: This is trust, which means that you can log in without password.

Execute the following command to load the configuration:

pg_ctl reload

2.Basic parameters

Connect to the database through psql:


Modify listening address

alter system set listen_addresses = '*';

Note: The default is listening at The service cannot be connected outside the host.

3.Guard service

Create a service file:

touch /usr/lib/systemd/system/ivorysql.service

The editing contents are as follows:

Description=IvorySQL 1.2 database server





ExecStart=/usr/local/pgsql/bin/pg_ctl start -D ${PGDATA}
ExecStop=/usr/local/pgsql/bin/pg_ctl stop -D ${PGDATA}
ExecReload=/usr/local/pgsql/bin/pg_ctl reload -D ${PGDATA}



Note: There are many ways to write a service. Be careful when using it in a production environment. Please repeat the test several times.

Stop pg_ The database service started by ctl enables the systemd service and starts:

systemctl enable --now ivorysql.service

IvorSQL database service operation command:

systemctl start ivorysql.service
systemctl stop ivorysql.service
systemctl restart ivorysql.service
systemctl status ivorysql.service
systemctl reload ivorysql.service

1.6. installation

1.6.1. Yum source

1.Download YUM source: use wget to download on Centos7


Install ivorysql-release-1.0-1.noarch.rpm:

rpm -ivh ivorysql-release-1.0-1.noarch.rpm

After installation, the YUM source profile will be created:/etc/yum.repos.d/ivorysql.repo。

Search to view relevant installation packages:

yum search ivorysql

Table 1 for the description of search results:

YUM source description

serial number

Package name




IvorySQL client program and library files



Contributed source code and binaries released with IvorySQL



IvorySQL develops header files and libraries



Additional documentation for IvorySQL



Shared libraries required by all IvorySQL clients



Just-in-time compilation support for IvorySQL



Perl, the procedural language used for IvorySQL



Python3, the procedural language for IvorySQL



Tcl, the procedural language used for IvorySQL



The programs required to create and run the IvorySQL server



Test suite released with IvorySQL



The Yum source configuration RPM package of Hanco Basic Software Co., Ltd

2.Install IvorySQL To install the database service, you need to install ivorysql1-server. Execute the following command in the user root session:

yum install -y ivorysql1-server

Installation list::

ivorysql1-server.x86_64 0:1.2-1.rhel7

Dependencies Installation:

ivorysql1.x86_64 0:1.2-1.rhel7 ivorysql1-contrib.x86_64 0:1.2-1.rhel7
ivorysql1-libs.x86_64 0:1.2-1.rhel7 libicu.x86_64 0:50.2-4.el7_7
libtirpc.x86_64 0:0.2.4-0.16.el7 libxslt.x86_64 0:1.1.28-6.el7
python3.x86_64 0:3.6.8-18.el7 python3-libs.x86_64 0:3.6.8-18.el7
python3-pip.noarch 0:9.0.3-8.el7 python3-setuptools.noarch 0:39.2.0-10.el7

3.Installed directory Table 2 describes the file directories generated during YUM installation.

Description of installation directory file

serial number

File path




Software installation directory



Data directory (default)



Helps system administrators with basic database cluster management



Guardian services

1.6.2. deb pckage

Verification environment: Linux 20.04.1-Ubuntu

1、Get deb from the official website

explain:ivorysql.deb is not currently available

2、Install deb package

dpkg -i ivorysql.deb

3、Configure environment variables

vi ~/.bashrc
    export PATH=/xxx/ivorysql/bin:$PATH
    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/xxx/ivorysql/lib

source .bashrc

4、Uninstall deb package

dpkg -r ivorysql

1.7. Uninstall the IvorySQL database

1.7.1. Compile Uninstall

1.Backup data: The data directory is under "/ivorysql/1.2/data", so we can protect the directory. It is better to stop the database service and make a backup.

systemctl stop ivorysql-1.service

2.Compile and uninstall: switch the root session to the source directory and execute the following commands respectively:

make uninstall
make clean

3.Delete residual directories and files:

systemctl disable ivorysql.servicemake                  --disable Service
mv /usr/lib/systemd/system/ivorysql.service /tmp/       --the service file can be moved                                                             to/tmp or deleted
rm -fr /usr/local/pgsql                                 --remove residual installation                                                             directory

Note: There are also user ivorysql and corresponding environment variables, which can be cleaned according to the situation. The rest is the data directory "/ivorysql/1.2/data". Please make sure to make a backup before processing. There are also installed dependent packages, which can be uninstalled according to the situation.

1.7.2. YUM Uninstall

1.Stop database service:

systemctl stop ivorysql-1.service

First use "yum history list" to determine the transaction ID of yum installation:

[root@Node02 ~]# yum history list
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
ID     | Login user               | Date and time    | Action(s)      | Altered
     5 | root <root>              | 2022-04-27 12:38 | Install        |   11  <
     4 | root <root>              | 2022-03-26 16:08 | Install        |   35 >
     3 | root <root>              | 2022-03-26 16:07 | I, U           |   19
     2 | root <root>              | 2022-03-26 16:07 | I, U           |   73
     1 | System <unset>           | 2022-03-26 15:59 | Install        |  299
history list

You can see that the transaction with ID 5 is to execute the installation. Execute the command to uninstall (replace XX with "5"):

yum history undo XX


yum remove ivorysql-server

However, this command is not completely uninstalled. Only 2 dependencies have been uninstalled, and 8 dependencies have not been uninstalled. You can decide whether to uninstall in this way based on whether to retain these dependencies.